Djerdap National Park, Serbia

castle, cave, discover, mountains, tourism, Uncategorized0 comments

Written by Brankica Jaksi

February 1, 2019

My New Year trip was all the way to Kladovo, which is a part of Djerdap National Park, on my way to the final destination I saw a lot of amazing places that I’m gonna share with you guys now.

On my way to Kladovo I first saw Golubac fortress, the fortress, which was most likely built during the 14th century, is split into three compounds which were built in stages. It has ten towers, most of which started square, and several of which received many-sided reinforcements with the advent of firearms. Golubac consists of three main compounds guarded by 9 towers, 2 portcullises and a palace, all connected by fortress walls 2 to 3 m (6 ft 7 in to 9 ft 10 in) thick. In front of the fortress, the forward wall (I) doubled as the outer wall of the moat, which connected to the Danube and was likely filled with water. A settlement for common people was situated in front of the wall. As is the case with many fortresses, Golubac’s structure was modified over time. For years, there were only five towers. Later, four more were added. The towers were all built as squares, a sign of the fortress’ age, showing that battles were still fought with cold steel.

The whole way to Kladovo I was surrounded by the National Park.
The national park is dotted with many natural and cultural values which are included in a special protection programme. Lepenski Vir is the 11,500-year-old archaeological site with exceptionally important traces of settlements and the life of the Mesolithic and later Neolithic people. Lepenski Vir was discovered in 1967 by Dragoslav Srejović, but from 1965 to 1971 over 30 sites were discovered ranging from the Mesolithic to the Late Middle Ages. Around 800 BC it was part of the transit route of the Triballi, Dacians ant the Autariates while Romans arrived in the first century BC. Đerdap was part of the border zone of the empire and was on the route of the western extension of the Via Militaris. Some remnants of the road still survive. The Đerdap National Park has become one of the most visited tourist regions in Serbia especially after the construction of the dam and the formation of the large lake. The gorge and the hydroelectric power plant can be visited from Belgrade and other cities downstream from it. On the Romanian border you can see Iron Gates, a lot of caves, churches and amazing landscapes.

And last but not least, Kladovo.
Kladovo is a town and municipality located in the Bor District of eastern Serbia. It is situated on the right bank of the Danube river. The nearby archeological sites include the remnants of Roman Emperor Trajan’s bridge, one of many Trajan’s tables, remnants of Trajan’s road through the Danube’s Iron Gates, and the Roman fortress Diana. From 1929 to 1941, Kladovo was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

The Trajan’s Bridge is located 5 km downstream from Kladovo. It had 20 pillars and was 1,200 m long. Trajan’s successor Hadrian partially demolished it to prevent the raids of the Dacians and the bridge was later neglected. The bridge is depicted in a relief on the Trajan’s Column in Rome. Until the 16th century, it was the largest bridge ever built. The 20 pillars were still visible in 1856, when the level of the Danube hit a record low. In 1906, the Commission of the Danube decided to destroy two of the pillars that were obstructing navigation. In 1932, there were 16 pillars remaining underwater, but in 1982 only 12 were mapped by archaeologists; the other four had probably been swept away by water. Only the entrance pillars are now visible on either bank of the Danube.

 

 

If you haven’t seen eastern Serbia maybe spring or summer would be the best to visit this Serbian- Romanian beauty. Till then, LIVE, DREAM, EXPLORE.


Related Articles

Related